Sunday, March 3, 2013

The Gomulka Aliya: Polish Jews in Israel, 57 Years Later

Another fascinating story told by the documents in the Israel State Archives is that of the many groups of Jews from all over the world and their immigration to Israel. In the late 1950s, fifty thousand Jews left Communist Poland as a result of the liberal policy of Party chairman Wladyslaw Gomulka. Although well-integrated into Israel (they include many successful Israelis in the professions, arts and journalism), many of them kept their ties to Poland. Last week they held a conference at Tel Aviv University to mark the "Gomulka Aliya," as described in this article which appeared in Haaretz today.
Wladyslaw Gomulka
Four years ago, the Israel State Archives published a volume of documents in Hebrew and Polish, the result of a joint project with the Polish State Archives on relations between Israel and Poland from 1945 to the Six Day War. Immigration from Poland, and especially the Gomulka Aliyah, played a central role in these relations.

Congratulations to Ewa Wegrzyn, a young researcher from Krakow who spoke at the conference and recently completed her doctorate, the first ever on the subject of this aliya. Ewa did much of her research at the ISA.

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